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ECDIS Grundlagen

ECDIS Grundlagen

Richtlinien der CONFERENCE OF PARTIES TO THE INTERNATIONAL CONVENTION ON STCW FOR SEAFARERS, 1978

STCW hat sich der Problematik der bevorstehenden Ausrüstungspflicht mit ECDIS angenommen und Ausbildungsrichtlinien festgelegt, die ab dem 1. Januar 2012 gelten und hier in Auszügen wiedergegeben werden:

STCW/CONF.2/34 THE 2010 MANILA CONFERENCE

PART 2 - OTHER PROVISIONS

 

Specification of minimum standard of competence for officers in charge of a navigational watch on ships of 500 gross tonnage or more.

Competence

Use of ECDIS to maintain the safety of navigation

 

Note: Training and assessment in the use of ECDIS is not required for those who serve exclusively on ships not fitted with ECDIS.

 

These limitations shall be reflected in the endorsements issued to the seafarer concerned.

Knowledge, understanding and proficiency

Navigation using ECDIS

Knowledge of the capability and limitations of ECDIS operations, including:
.1 a thorough understanding of Electronic Navigational Chart (ENC) data, data
accuracy, presentation rules, display options and other chart data formats

.2 the dangers of over-reliance
.3 familiarity with the functions of ECDIS required by performance standards in force


Proficiency in operation, interpretation, and analysis of information obtained from ECDIS, including:
.1 use of functions that are integrated with other navigation systems in various installations, including proper functioning and adjustment to desired settings
.2 safe monitoring and adjustment of  information, including own position, sea area display, mode and orientation, chart data displayed, route monitoring, user-created information layers, contacts (when interfaced with AIS and/or radar tracking) and radar overlay functions (when interfaced)
.3 confirmation of vessel position by alternative means
.4 efficient use of settings to ensure conformance to operational procedures, including alarm parameters for anti-grounding, proximity to contacts and special areas, completeness of chart data and chart update status, and backup arrangements
.5 adjustment of settings and values to suit the present conditions
.6 situational awareness while using ECDIS including safe water and proximity of hazards, set and drift, chart data and scale selection, suitability of route, contact detection and management, and integrity of sensors.

Methods for demonstrating competence

Examination and assessment of evidence obtained from one or more of the following:
.1 approved training ship experience
.2 approved ECDIS simulator training.

Criteria for evaluating competence

Monitors information on ECDIS in a manner that contributes to safe navigation.


Information obtained from ECDIS (including radar overlay and/or radar tracking functions, when fitted) is correctly interpreted and analysed, taking into account the limitations of the equipment, all connected sensors (including radar and AIS where interfaced), and prevailing circumstances and conditions.

 

Safety of navigation is maintained through adjustments made to the ship's course and speed through ECDIS-controlled track-keeping functions (when fitted).

 

Communication is clear, concise and acknowledged at all times in a seamanlike manner.

 

 

Specification of minimum standard of competence for masters and chief mates on ships of 500 gross tonnage or more.

Competence

Maintain the safety of navigation through the use of ECDIS and associated navigation systems to assist command decision making.

 

Note: Training and assessment in the use of ECDIS is not required for those who serve exclusively on ships not fitted with ECDIS. This limitation shall be reflected in the endorsement issued to the seafarer concerned.

Knowledge, understanding and proficiency

Management of operational procedures, system files and data, including:
.1 manage procurement, licensing and updating of chart data and system software to conform to established procedures

.2 system and information updating, including the ability to update ECDIS system version in accordance with vendor's product development
.3 create and maintain system configuration and backup files
.4 create and maintain log files in accordance with established procedures
.5 create and maintain route plan files in accordance with established procedures

.6 use ECDIS log-book and track history functions for inspection of system functions, alarm settings and user responses.

 

Use ECDIS playback functionality for passage review, route planning and review of system functions.

Methods for demonstrating competence

Assessment of evidence obtained from one of the following:
.1 approved in-service experience
.2 approved training ship experience
.3 approved ECDIS simulator training

Criteria for evaluating competence

Operational procedures for using ECDIS are established, applied, and monitored.


Actions taken to minimize risk to safety of navigation.

 

Specification of minimum standard of competence for officers in charge of a navigational watch and for masters on ships of less than 500 gross tonnage  engaged on near-coastal voyages

Competence

Plan and conduct a coastal passage anddetermine position.

 

Note: Training and assessment in the use of ECDIS is not required for those who serve exclusively on ships not fitted with ECDIS. This limitation shall be reflected in the endorsement issued to the seafarer concerned.

Knowledge, understanding and proficiency

Thorough knowledge of and ability to use ECDIS

Methods for demonstrating competence

Examination and assessment of evidence obtained from one or more of the following:
.1 approved training ship experience
.2 approved ECDIS simulator training.

Criteria for evaluating competence

none specified

PART 4 - WATCHKEEPING AT SEA

Part 4-1 - Principles to be observed in keeping a navigational watch

Watchkeeping under different conditions and in different areas

Coastal and congested waters

...

47 The largest scale chart on board, suitable for the area and corrected with the latest available information, shall be used. Fixes shall be taken at frequent intervals, and shall be carried out by more than one method whenever circumstances allow. When using ECDIS, appropriate usage code (scale) electronic navigational charts shall be used and the ship’s position shall be checked by an independent means of position fixing at appropriate intervals.

 

 

Quelle: STCW/CONF.2/34

 

 

 

letzte Aktualisierung 9. November 2010